The theory of multiple intelligences is a model of conception of the mind proposed by Howard Gardner in 1983. This psychologist and professor at Harvard University considered intelligence as a network of autonomous and relatively interrelated sets. This idea breaks with the original perception, where intelligence is understood as a unitary set that comprehends different specific capacities.
Howard Gardner argues that since there are many types of problems to solve, several kinds of intelligence are necessary, encompassed in 8 sections. The traditional educational system focuses on linguistic and logical-mathematical capacities, while others, such as musical or kinesthetic, have less importance. However, other teaching methods, such as the one implemented at Gresol International-American School, strengthen the development of other intelligences.
This intelligence refers to any form of communication, whether written, oral or through gestures. Communication is universal and transversal in all cultures, so its knowledge is essential. For this reason, traditional teaching methods emphasize this type of aptitude.
Music is a universal and ancient art, so there is a latent musical intelligence. And, as a kind of intelligence, it can be trained and developed. This knowledge includes the ability to perceive musical forms, facilitating the composition, interpretation, transformation, and assessment of all types of music and sounds.
For a long time, this one has been considered the main definition of the intelligence concept. Logical-mathematical knowledge implies the ability to use numbers effectively, to analyze problems through logic, and to investigate using inductive and deductive reasoning. As a curiosity, the IQ tests are usually based on this kind of intelligence, and, to a lesser extent, linguistics.
This type of intelligence encompasses the ability to form and imagine shapes and the potential to understand and modify the configurations of space. Space intelligence implies, therefore, the ability to observe the world and the objects in it from various perspectives.
Body skills to communicate, adapt, or use tools have been fundamental in human evolution, so this intelligence is an essential capacity in our development. To improve our physical abilities, we must train strength, flexibility, agility, coordination, or balance.
This intelligence includes the skills that allow us to pay attention and notice messages or details beyond what our senses do, as well as the attention to focus on important elements for other people. In short, this intelligence offers the ability to be empathic and to interpret words or gestures.
This type of ability refers to the capacity to know oneself, to be able to access, understand, and reflect on feelings or emotions of your own, delving into introspection.
Although initially it was not included, Gardner considered that this intelligence had to be understood as essential for the survival of the human being. This capacity encompasses the detection, differentiation, and categorization of aspects related to nature.
All people have these kinds of intelligence that, as such, can be trained. All of them are important, and their development will allow us to obtain new and better skills and also discover talents and abilities that we did not think we had. Therefore, at Gresol International-American School, we try to give value to all of them, to offer the most complete education for our students, and expand their future horizons.